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Anke Friedrich

Prof. Dr. Anke M. Friedrich

Chair of Geology

Active Tectonics and Earthquake Studies, Geomorphology, Global Geology, Neotectonics and Intraplate Deformation. Stratigraphy.


Building and shaping a modern international research and teaching program in general and applied geology. Setting up real and virtual natural geological laboratories, which serve as research sites.

Geological Archive (Research collection in Regional Geology)

Concept Rothpletz: Connecting geology students internationally with Bavaria's great geology.

Master's degree program in Geology: Head of program.
International Exchange Programs in Geology: Coordinator. ERASMUS contact in geology.


Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Lehrstuhl für Geologie
Luisenstr. 37
80333 München

Room: A 140
Phone: +49 (0) 89 / 2180 6512

Office hours:
by email appointment

Further Information

Research Interests

  • Evolution of the Earth's surface and continental lithosphere in response to geodynamic and climatic forcing. 
  • Mechanisms of intraplate deformation and earthquake space-time patterns; criteria for (re-)active faulting, especially minor faults and rupture terminations along major faults.
  • Quantification of vertical deformation, erosion and sedimentation rates ranging from scales of millimeter/years to kilometers/million years.
  • Development of stratigraphic frameworks for theoretical concepts in tectonics and geodynamics.

Tools and Methods

Regional geological synthesis by paleogeological hiatus mapping, event-based stratigraphic framework mapping; Applications of geological remote sensing to problems in neotectonics, active tectonics, and paleoseismology; iterative 3-D structural reconstructions and applications in structural geology; applications of geochronology to geological problems. Method development and analysis of interregional-scale geological maps, unconformities and paleogeological hiatus mapping.

Active Projects

  • 2020-2023 joint German-Tschec Science Foundation grant (DFG): Vertical Motion of Salt Diapirs in the southern Zagros, Iran, and formation of cap rock. 
  • since 2018: Paleogeological Hiatus mapping
  • 2018-2019: DFG project: Collection and Analysis of Cuttings from a deep geothermal well, northern Alpine Foreland Basin
  • since 2011: Young tectonic, geomorphological and sedimentological Evolution of the North-Alpine Foreland Basin. 
  • since 2011: Mechanisms of strain release in the northern Basin and Range Province (western USA): relationship between faults, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and the growth of continental fault systems. Collaborators: Geoffrey King (IPG Paris), Steven Wesbousky (University of Nevada, Reno).

Former Projects

  • 2012 - 2017: HGF Alliance: Remote Sensing and Earth System Dynamics. The HGF Alliance "Remote Sensing and Earth System Dynamics" aimed at the development and evaluation of novel bio/geo-pysical information products derived from data acquired by a new generation of remote sensing satellites and their integration in earth system models for improving understanding and modelling ability of global environmental processes and ecosystem change. Project: "Geological context of seismically inactive, but geodetically active regions." One Postdoc: Simon Kübler (LMU Geology). 
  • 2008-2012: Earthquake segmentation and tectonic geomorphology of the Red Sea coast north of Quseir (Egypt) 
  • 2008-2016: Vertical motion of Crete and implications for fault system dynamics and seismic hazards — based in integration of PSI-InSAR data, tectonic geomorphology, and geological data. 
  • 2004 - 2012: DFG Project: Dynamics of Active faulting in the Lower Rhine Graben, awarded to A.M. Friedrich (FR1693/1-1) and M.R. Strecker.


Publications in Google Scholar


  • Carena, S., Friedrich, A.M., Verdecchia, A., Kahle, B., Rieger, S., and Kübler, S., 2023, Identification of Source Faults of Large Earthquakes in the Turkey-Syria Border Region Between 1000 CE and the Present, and Their Relevance for the 2023 Mw 7.8 Pazarcık Earthquake. Tectonics.
  • Zabci, C., Sançar, T., Tikhomirov, D., Ivy-ochs, S., Vockenhuber, C., Friedrich, A.M. , Yazici, M., Akçar, N., 2023, Internal deformation of continental blocks within converging plates: insights from the Ovacik Fault (Anatolia, Turkiye). Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 32(3),351-379.


  • Vilacís B., Hayek J.N., Stotz I.L., Bunge H.-P., Friedrich A.M., Carena S., Clark S., 2022, Evidence for active upper mantle flow in the Atlantic and Indo-Australian realms since the Upper Jurassic from hiatus maps and spreading rate changes. Proc. R. Soc. A, 478: 20210764.


  • Stotz I.L., Vilacís B., Hayek J.N., Bunge H.-P., Friedrich A.M., 2021, Yellowstone plume drives Neogene North American plate motion change. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, e2021GL095079. doi:10.1029/2021GL095079.
  • Plattner, C., Parizzi, A., Carena, S., Rieger, S., Friedrich, A.M., Abolghasem, A., DeZan, F., 2021, Long-lived afterslip of the 2013 Mw 6.1 Minab earthquake detected by Persistent Scatterer Interferometry along the Irer fault (western Makran-Zagros transition zone, Iran). Geophysical Journal International, 229(1), DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggab456.


  • Hayek, J.N., Vilacis, B., Bunge, H.-P., Friedrich, A. M., Carena, S., Vibe, J., 2020, Continent-scale Hiatus Maps for the Atlantic Realm and Australia since the Upper Jurassic and links to mantle flow induced dynamic topography, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 
  • Krob, F.C., Glasmacher, U.A., Bunge, H.-P., Friedrich, A.M., Hackspacher, P.C., 2020, Application of stratigraphic frameworks and thermochronological data on the Mesozoic SW-Gondwana intraplate environment to retrieve the Parana-Etendeka plume environment; Gondwana Reserach, 84, 81 –110.


  • Carena, S., Bunge H.P., and Friedrich, A.M., 2019, "Analysis of geological hiatus surfaces across Africa in the Cenozoic and implications for the timescales of convectively-maintained topography." Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences.
  • Friedrich, A. M., 2019, Palaeogeological hiatus surface mapping: a tool to visualize vertical motion of the continents, in Meinhhold, G., (ed) advances in Palaeogeography, Geological Magazine, v.156, #2, 308 - 319, Cambridge University Press.


  • Carena, S., Friedrich, A. M., 2018, "Vertical-displacement history of an active Basin and Range fault based on integration of geomorphologic, stratigraphic, and structural data", Geosphere 14, # 4, 1657-1676.
  • Dorfler, K. M., Friedrich, A. M., GSA Tomorrow: An Open Challenge to Promote the Future of Geoscience. 2018, Geological Society of America TODAY,
  • Friedrich, A. M., Bunge, H. P., Rieger, S. M., *Colli, L., *Ghelichkhan, S., & *Nerlich, R. (2018). Stratigraphic framework for the plume mode of mantle convection and the analysis of interregional unconformities on geological maps. Gondwana Research.
  • Vibe, Y., Friedrich, A.M., Bunge, H.-P.; Clark, S.R., 2018, Correlations of oceanic spreading rates and hiatus surface area in the North Atlantic realm, Lithosphere, v. 10, # 5, 677 - 684,


  • Kübler, S., *Streich, R., Lück, E., Hoffmann, M., Friedrich, A. M., & Strecker, M. R. (2017). Active faulting in a populated low-strain setting (lower Rhine graben, central Europe) identified by geomorphic, geophysical and geological analysis. Geological Society Special Publication, v. 432.
  • Gold, R. D., Cowgill, E., Arrowsmith, J. R., & Friedrich, A. M., 2017, Pulsed strain release on the Altyn Tagh fault, northwest China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 459.
  • Gold, R. D., Friedrich, A., Kübler, S., Salamon, M, 2017; Apparent Late Quaternary Fault‐Slip Rate Increase in the Southern Lower Rhine Graben, Central Europe. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; 107 (2): 563–580. doi:
  • Kübler, S., Friedrich, A. M., Gold, R. D., & Strecker, M. R. (2017). Historical coseismic surface deformation of fluvial gravel deposits, Schafberg fault, Lower Rhine Graben, Germany. International Journal of Earth Sciences.


  • Catlos, E.J., Friedrich, A.M., Lay, T. et al. (6 more authors), 2016, Nepal at Risk: Interdisciplinary Lessons Learned from the April 2015 Nepal (Gorkha) Earthquake and Future Concerns,. GSA Today, 26 (6). pp. 42–43. ISSN 1052-5173
  • Friedrich, A. M., & Hodges, K. V. (2016). Geological significance of 40Ar/39Ar mica dates across a mid-crustal continental plate margin, Connemara (Grampian Orogeny, Irish Caledonides), and implications for the evolution of lithospheric collisions. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 53 (11).



  • Stein, S., Kley, J., Hindle, D., & Friedrich, A., 2015, Exploring natural hazard policies with bike helmets and bus fares. Eos, 96(7), 17–19.


  • Baran, R., Friedrich, A. M., Schlunegger, F., 2014, The late Miocene to Holocene erosion pattern of the Alpine foreland basin reflects Eurasian slab unloading beneath the western Alps rather than global climate change; Lithosphere, v. 6, no. 2, 124 - 131.
  • Stein, S. and Friedrich A. M., 2014, Clearing the crystal ball; Astronomy and Geophysics; v. 55, no. 2., 2.11-2.17.

Prior to 2014:

  • Ballato, P., Uba, C. E., Landgraf, A., Strecker, M. R., Sudo, M., Stockli, D. F., Friedrich, A., and Tabatabaei, S. H., 2011, Arabia-Eurasia continental collision: Insights from late Tertiary foreland-basin evolution in the Alborz Mountains, northern Iran: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 123, no. 1-2, p. 106-131.
  • Ballato, P., Mulch, A., Landgraf, A., Strecker, M. R., Dalconi, M. C., Friedrich, A., and Tabatabaei, S. H., 2010, Middle to late Miocene Middle Eastern climate from stable oxygen and carbon isotope data, southern Alborz mountains, N Iran: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 300, no. 1-2, p. 125-138.
  • Baran, R., Guest, B., and Friedrich, A. M., 2010, High-resolution spatial rupture pattern of a multiphase flower structure, Rex Hills, Nevada: New insights on scarp evolution in complex topography based on 3-D laser scanning: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 122, no. 5-6, p. 897-914.
  • Friedrich, A., 2010, Leopold-von-Buch Medal awarded to Prof. Dr. Tanya Atwater. Zeitschrift Der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften, v. 161, no. 2, p. 112-112.
  • Landgraf, A., Ballato, P., Strecker, M. R., Friedrich, A., Tabatabaei, S. H., and Shahpasandzadeh, M., 2009, Fault-kinematic and geomorphic observations along the North Tehran Thrust and Mosha Fasham Fault, Alborz mountains Iran: implications for fault-system evolution and interaction in a changing tectonic regime: Geophysical Journal International, v. 177, no. 2, p. 676-690.
  • Rezaei, K., Guest, B., Friedrich, A., Fayazi, F., Nakhaei, M., Aghda, S. M. F., and Beitollahi, A., 2009a, Soil and sediment quality and composition as factors in the distribution of damage at the December 26, 2003, Bam area earthquake in SE Iran (M (s)=6.6): Journal of Soils and Sediments, v. 9, no. 1, p. 23-32.
  • Rezaei, K., Guest, B., Friedrich, A., Fayazi, F., Nakhaei, M., Beitollahi, A., and Aghda, S. M. F., 2009b, Feed forward neural network and interpolation function models to predict the soil and subsurface sediments distribution in Bam, Iran: Acta Geophysica, v. 57, no. 2, p. 271-293.
  • Ballato, P., Nowaczyk, N. R., Landgraf, A., Strecker, M. R., Friedrich, A., and Tabatabaei, S. H., 2008, Tectonic control on sedimentary facies pattern and sediment accumulation rates in the Miocene foreland basin of the southern Alborz mountains, northern Iran: Tectonics, v. 27, no. 6.
  • Cloetingh, S. A. P. L., Ziegler, P. A., Bogaard, P. J. F., Andriessen, P. A. M., Artemieva, I. M., Bada, G., van Balen, R. T., Beekman, F., Ben-Avraham, Z., Brun, J. P., Bunge, H. P., Burov, E. B., Carbonell, R., Facenna, C., Friedrich, A., Gallart, J., Green, A. G., Heidbach, O., Jones, A. G., Matenco, L., Mosar, J., Oncken, O., Pascal, C., Peters, G., Sliaupa, S., Soesoo, A., Spakman, W., Stephenson, R. A., Thybo, H., Torsvik, T., de Vicente, G., Wenzel, F., Wortel, M. J. R., and Grp, T.-E. W., 2007, TOPO-EUROPE: The geoscience of coupled deep Earth-surface processes: Global and Planetary Change, v. 58, no. 1-4, p. 1-118.
  • Bartley, J.M., Glazner, A.F., Coleman, D.S., Kylander-Clark, A., Mapes, R., Friedrich, A.M., 2007, Large Laramide dextral offset across Owens Valley, California, and its possible relation to tectonic unroofing of the southern Sierra Nevada. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, vol. 434 pp. 129
  • Stein, S., Friedrich, A., and Newman, A., 2005, Dependence of possible characteristic earthquakes on spatial sampling: Illustration for the Wasatch seismic zone, Utah: Seismological Research Letters, v. 76, no. 4, p. 432-436. Bennett, R. A., Friedrich, A. M., and Furlong, K. P., 2004, Codependent histories of the San Andreas and San Jacinto fault zones from inversion of fault displacement rates: Geology, v. 32, no. 11, p. 961-964.
  • Bennett, R.A., Friedrich, A.M., Furlong, K. 2004, Codependent histories of the San Andreas and San Jacinto fault zones from inversion of fault displacement rates, Geology, v. 32; no. 11; p. 961–964; doi: 10.1130/G20806.1.
  • Friedrich, A. M., Lee, J., Wernicke, B. P., and Sieh, K., 2004, Geologic context of geodetic data across a Basin and Range normal fault, Crescent Valley, Nevada: Tectonics, v. 23, no. 2. Niemi, N. A., Wernicke, B. P., Friedrich, A. M., Simons, M., Bennett, R. A., and Davis, J. L., 2004, BARGEN continuous GPS data across the eastern Basin and Range province, and implications for fault system dynamics: Geophysical Journal International, v. 159, no. 3, p. 842-862.
  • Wernicke, B., Davis, J. L., Bennett, R. A., Normandeau, J. E., Friedrich, A. M., and Niemi, N. A., 2004, Tectonic implications of a dense continuous GPS velocity field at Yucca Mountain, Nevada: Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, v. 109, no. B12.
  • Niemi, N. A., Wernicke, B. P., Friedrich, A. M., Simons, M., Bennett, R. A., and Davis, J. L., 2004, BARGEN continuous GPS data across the eastern Basin and Range province, and implications for fault system dynamics: Geophysical Journal International, v. 159, no. 3, p. 842-862.
  • Bennett, R. A., Wernicke, B. P., Niemi, N. A., Friedrich, A. M., and Davis, J. L., 2003, Contemporary strain rates in the northern Basin and Range province from GPS data: Tectonics, v. 22, no. 2.
  • Friedrich, A. M., Wernicke, B. P., Niemi, N. A., Bennett, R. A., and Davis, J. L., 2003, Comparison of geodetic and geologic data from the Wasatch region, Utah, and implications for the spectral character of Earth deformation at periods of 10 to 10 million years: Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, v. 108, no. B4.
  • Friedrich, A. M., and Bartley, J. M., 2003, Three-dimensional structural reconstruction of a thrust system overprinted by postorogenic extension, Wah Wah thrust zone, southwestern Utah: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 115, no. 12, p. 1473-1491.
  • Wernicke, B., Friedrich , A. M., Niemi, N. A., Bennett, R.A., Davis, J. L. , 2000, Dynamics of plate boundary fault systems from Basin and Range Geodetic Network (BARGEN) and geologic data, Geological Society of America Today, v. 10, no. 11, p. 1 - 7. 
  • Friedrich, A. M., Bowring, S. A., Martin, M. W., and Hodges, K. V., 1999a, Short-lived continental magmatic arc at Connemara, western Irish Caledonides: Implications for the age of the Grampian orogeny: Geology, v. 27, no. 1, p. 27-30.
  • Friedrich, A. M., Hodges, K. V., Bowring, S. A., and Martin, M. W., 1999b, Geochronological constraints on the magmatic, metamorphic and thermal evolution of the Connemara Caledonides, western Ireland: Journal of the Geological Society, v. 156, p. 1217-1230.
  • Coleman, D.S., Bartley, J.M., Walker, J.D., Price, D.E., Friedrich, A.M.,1997, Extensional faulting, footwall deformation and plutonism in the Mineral Mountains, southern Sevier Desert. Brigham Young University Geology Studies, vol. 42 pp. 203-234.